Division of Biosphere Science

Base for Field Science

Syllabus


Fundamental Lecture in Biological Diversity

The number of species occurring on the globe is estimated to be some ten million, but now rapidly decreasing due to environmental changes caused by human activity. This lecture provides the general information on biodiversity of various taxa and explains the importance of genetic diversity in the maintenance of biodiversity.

Fundamental Lecture in Ecology

The biological diversity of the planet is being rapidly depleted due to the direct and indirect consequences of human activity. This lecture provides basic and recent ecological topics on evolutionary processes of speciation, maintenance of species diversity, population dynamics and biological community.

Fundamental Lecture in Molecular Biology

To obtain basic knowledge and experimental techniques on molecular biology through lecture and laboratory works.

Fundamental Lecture in Marine Biological Processes

To understand the structure and functional activity of the marine ecosystems~
To understand the marine productivity and their mechanisms~
To understand the structure and circulation of the ocean and the mechanism~
To understand the waves and tides in the ocean and their mechanisms~

Fundamental Lecture in Field Sciences

To understand the field science on ecosystem consevetion, sustainable bioproduction, biodiversity, and material cycling in a wide variety of fields including forest, farm, and aquatic environments, and to learn the most advanced field science in each research field.

Fundamental Lecture in Biomass Production

In this lecture, students study recent biomass and food production by plant agriculture, forestry, stockbreeding and aquaculture, and their fundamental biological and ecological system.

Advanced Course in Biodiversity Science I

Enable students to understand patterns and mechanisms of adaptations to various growing environments in relation to environmental properties.

Advanced Course in Biodiversity Science II

To understand patterns and mechanisms of adaptations to various growing environments in relation to environmental properties.

Advanced Course in Ecological Genetics I

This lecture provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to genetic principles and practices involved in conservation. Topics covered~
included: evolutionary genetics of natural populations,loss of genetic diversity,in breeding and loss of fitness,genetic management of threatened species and so on.

Advanced Course in Ecological Genetics II

This lecture aims to introduce the importance of genetic variation and genetic mechanisms in the generation and maintenance of biodiversity.

Advanced Course in Environmental Molecular Biology I

To understand patterns and mechanisms of adaptations to various growing environments in relation to environmental properties.

Advanced Course in Environmental Molecular Biology II

Studying molecular mechanism of response and resistance to environmental stress in plants and microorganisms. Studying methods to utirize these organisms for human life and remediation of damaged environment.

Advanced Course in Plant Ecology I

Overview the mechanisms of plant community organization, statistical modeling for data analysis in plant ecology.

Advanced Course in Plant Ecology II

Understanding of diverse adaptations to growing environments based on the life-history traits of individual plant species. Fundamentals necessary for quantitative analyses in ecology, and usage and examples in plant ecology studies and papers are explained.

Advanced Course in Animal Ecology I

The objectives of this course are to study basic principles and research methods for animal behavior and life history evolution, and to understand biological responses to environmental changes at the levels ranging from genetics, individuals to populations.

Advanced Course in Animal Ecology II

The objectives of this course are to study the dynamics of animal populations and communities of and the underlying mechanisms, and to understand biological responses to environmental changes at the levels ranging from population, community to ecosystems.

Advanced Course in Marine Environmental Biogeochemistry

This lecture provides teaching for the marine biological production processes related to trace metal speciation and bioavailability and biological uptake of metals and nutrients in seawater.

Advanced Course in Marine Ecological Modeling

Students will study fundamental knowledge of geophysical fluid dynamics including advection and diffusion. They will also study biological diffusion and ecological modeling.

Advanced Course in Aquatic Biology I

In this class, student will study the cell structure, development and physiology on organisms living in the aquatic environment, including teleost fish and algae. Evolution and adaptive mechanisms of these organisms will be also lectured.

Advanced Course in Aquatic Biology II

Environmental biological functions from coastal area to open sea in ecosystem are lectured. In addition ecological characters of aquatic creatures are surveyed to comprehend factors of fluctuation of biological resources.

Advanced Course in Forest Sphere Science I 

The aim of this course is to learn fundamental informations about the forest function which affects our surrounding environments.

Advanced Course in Forest Sphere Science II

Learning forest dynamics, especially tree species and biological interaction

Advanced Course in Forest Sphere Science III

This lecture is aimed to learn basic theory and research methods to conserve vertebrates through investigating the number of species and abundance of various animals in the field.

Advanced Course in Forest Sphere Science IV

Participants will learn about regional resources from the viewpoints of their types and details, historical development and present situation, and techniques to assess them. The participants will then discuss appropriate regimes of regional resource management, which can bet compatible with environmental conservation issues.

Advanced Course in Agricultural Environment for Crop Production

Students understand following points,
(1)the importance of exploration and improvement of crop resources
(2)the management of agricultural field and cropping system

Advanced Course in Environment and Management in Livestock Production

Understand the property of grassland and animal barn in term of environment issues. Consider the significance of animal production in Agro-ecosystem to keep a balance with the conservation of environment.

Special Lecture in Biosphere Science

Laboratory and Field Work in Biosphere Science

Seminar in Biosphere Science

Understand the advance of science through the critical reading of research papers.

Special Research in Biosphere Science

An appropriate research subject will be set through consultation with students.

2015 Master course

<Ecological Genetics>

  • Population dynamics through the mass drift event of ‘Marimo’ balls in Lake Akan, Hokkaido(北海道阿寒湖におけるマリモ大量打ち寄せ現象を介した集団動態)熊谷 七美
  • Studies on reproductive ecology of Viola mirabilis var. subglabra representing intermediate flowering characteristics between the stemless and stemmed Viola(無茎種と有茎種の中間的な開花特性を示すイブキスミレの繁殖生態に関する研究)篠原 義典
  • Estimation of the evolutionary rates of the mitochondrial DNA in Apodemus species based on calibrations from the Quaternary environmenal changes.(第四紀の環境変動に準拠したアカネズミ属のミトコンドリアDNA進化速度の推定)花崎 香織里
  • Developmental Regulations of the Reproductive Polyphenism in Aphids(アブラムシにおける繁殖多型の発生制御機構)村野 宏樹
  • Biosynthetic mechanism of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in bacteria(細菌における長鎖多価不飽和脂肪酸の生合成メカニズム)橋本 美佳子

<Molecular Biology>

  • 酵母マンナンによるウキクサ成長促進現象の解析 倉本 歩
  • ヨシ由来成長促進細菌のイネに対する影響評価 影本 敬太
  • Studies on the growth promoting mechanism of duckweed by Bacillus pumilus MRB4(Bacillus pumilus MRB4によるウキクサ成長促進機構に関する研究)Desi Utami
  • 新規ウキクサ成長促進Pseudomonas 属細菌の単離とその特徴 山川 祐介
  • フラボバクテリア科細菌に由来する新規アゾ還元酵素の酵素学的諸特性解析 安酸 国起
  • 海底油田の物質循環に関与する微生物機能の研究 加藤 雄大
  • ポリナフタレンスルフォン酸分解微生物単離の試み 中野 耕輔
  • Molecular genetic studies on Arabidopsis thaliana mutants with reduced sensitivity to boron limitation(ホウ素欠乏に対する感受性が低下したシロイヌナズナ変異株の分子遺伝学的研究)廣口 覚彦
  • Studies on low-boron tolerance of natural accessions in Arabidopsis thaliana(シロイヌナズナナチュラルアクセッションにおけるホウ素欠乏耐性に関する研究)久野 香織
  • Development of Ribozyme Catalyzing Sequence-Specific RNA Degradation(塩基配列特異的RNA分解を行うリボザイムの開発)劉 宇翔

<Animal Ecology>

  • Population structure mediates maturation size threshold for alternative life history strategy in masu salmon(他個体の存在が成熟閾値を改変する:生活史二型をもつサクラマスにおける実験的検証)大久保 隆
  • ウグイにおける降海性の”逆”緯度クライン 山田 健太郎
  • 十勝川水系における水生生物の比較系統地理 大磯 毅晃
  • Multilevel disturbance: influence of a megaquake on rocky intertidal succession(マルチレベル撹乱:巨大地震が岩礁潮間帯における遷移に及ぼす影響)胡 之陽
  • Community assembly in rocky intertidal succession: the importance of spatial and temporal niche differentiation and role of dispersal(岩礁潮間帯の遷移における群集集合:空間的および時間的ニッチ分化の重要性と分散の役割)平賀 優大

<Marine Biogeochemistry and Physics>

  • 火散布沼(半閉鎖性亜寒帯汽水湖)における底生微細藻類の増殖ポテンシャル評価 森田 高弘
  • 風蓮湖、根室湾水系における有機物からみた堆積環境の時空間的評価 柴田 豊大
  • ヤマトシジミ生活史初期のアンモニア耐性の解明と資源回復 村瀬 亮
  • マガキ (Crassostrea gigas) の摂餌排泄が養殖海域の物質循環過程に与える影響 横路 直哉
  • 太平洋側北極海(チャクチ海)における成層強度の時空間変動 大額 実咲
  • 海洋表層混合層熱収支に水温逆転層が与える影響 大原 隆

<Aquatic Biology>

  • Effects of ocean acidification on calcareous sessile polychaetes (Neodexiospira brasiliensis and Circeis spirillum) in seagrass bed(アマモ場に生息するウズマキゴカイ2種(Neodexiospira brasiliensis と Circeis spirillum)に対する海洋酸性化の影響)伊藤 美菜子
  • Combined effects of seawater warming and ocean acidification on epiphytic snail Lacuna decorata in eelgrass bed(海水温の上昇と海洋酸性化がアマモ葉上の巻貝コウダカチャイロタマキビに与える複合的な影響)楠崎 真央
  • Effects of microplastics on the lugworm Abarenicola pacifica(イソタマシキゴカイ Abarenicola pacificaに対するマイクロプラスチックの影響)須貝 洋海
  • 北海道に来遊するトドの夏期における回遊と潜水:成長段階と冬期の食性からの検証 伊藤 慶造
  • 音響手法を用いた岩手県山田湾におけるアカモクの定量的分布特性の把握に関する研究 喜多 千穂海
  • キタオットセイは性成長段階で回遊様式が異なるのか?ー安定同位体比と微量元素を用いた回遊履歴の推定ー 山田 綾子
  • 漁業用魚群探知機を用いたカタクチイワシ仔魚の漁場モニタリングに関する研究 久保長 晶
  • Detection and quantitative analysis of zoospores and gametophytes in laminarialean algae using environmental DNA(環境サンプル由来 DNA を用いたコンブ類遊走子および配偶体の検出と定量解析)川本 広基
  • カジカ上科魚類の分子系統学的研究 富樫 孝司
  • アイナメ属半クローン雑種の系統学的研究~特異的核型を遺伝マーカーとしたクジメ系雑種におけるホストスイッチの検出 三宅 翔太
  • DNAバーコーディングを用いた臼尻周辺海域に出現する仔稚魚の分類学的研究 百田 和幸

<Forest Conservation>

  • シカが下層植生を介して樹木の成長に与える影響 天野 創
  • 遺伝的多様性の年次変化と個体群サイズ分散の関係 ー個体数変動パターンが異なるエゾヤチネズミ個体群の比較ー 秋元 佐紀
  • Interplay between feeding evolution in a leaf beetle and tree-associated arthropod community dynamics(ハムシの摂食行動進化と樹上の節足動物群集の相互作用)小野寺 裕乃
  • Does genetic variation in a foundation species predict arthropod community structure in a riparian forest?(基盤種内の遺伝的変異から河畔林における節足動物の群集構造を予測できるか?)鍵谷 進乃介
  • 北海道北部の天然生林における心材腐朽の出現予測 阿部 葉月
  • 北海道に同所的に生息する3種の野ネズミにおけるタンニン摂取量の季節変化ードングリ摂取と関連させて 秋元 佑香
  • Antagonistic indirect interactions between large and small conspecific prey via heterospecific predators(サイズの違う同種がいると捕食リスクが強まる)山口 彩

<Agro-Ecosystem Science>

  • 分子系統解析とDNA量比較によるユーラシアのハスカップの遺伝的多様性に関する研究 松本 彩
  • キイチゴ属野生遺伝資源を利用した新規ラズベリーの育成と果実形質の評価に関する研究 小林 加奈

 

2015 Doctor course

Division of Biosphere Science

Biosphere is the global ecological system integrating all living organisms. Mission of the “Division of Biosphere” is to introduce the mechanisms how biological diversity is maintained and developed that are responsible for the function of biosphere. The mechanisms include molecular or cellular levels and interactions between different organisms to form each biome. Our research activities take advantage of finding evidence and collecting data from the fields, so called field science. Laboratories are highly equipped with advanced facilities enough to explore unknown mechanisms. The final goal of education is to provide students with the viewpoint of feedback effects of living organisms on forming physicochemical environments and also with the ability to work on important environmental issues. Bioremediation is also within our scope.

Course in Biodiversity

This course focuses on the mechanisms of creation, maintenance and decline of biological diversity, paying attention to environment structure, population structure, spatial genetic structure, and biological interaction.

Course in Ecological Genetics

This course focuses on the population dynamics under environmental changes, biological interactions, and developmental and environmental adaptations in mammals, insects and plants, especially paying attention to their genetic systems and genetic diversity.

Course in Molecular Biology

There are numerous species of creature living on the earth. They have been evolved individually in response to dramatic changes of environments for approximately 3.5 billion years. Environmental factors, such as light, temperature, atmospheric gases, and water conditions greatly affect on the activity and characteristics of living organisms. On the other hand, living organisms themselves function as important environmental stabilizers by driving elemental circulation through their various metabolic activities. Our final goal is to ‘Understand the Relationship between Environments and Living Organisms at the Molecular Levels.’ We are also trying to develop basis of effective bioremediation, biomonitoring, and bioproduction technologies.

Course in Plant Ecology

Plant Ecology Course deals with land plants at varying scales, from physiological ecology, reproduction and population processes, multi-species natural communities, and maintenance mechanisms of terrestrial ecosystems. Our target regions are ranging from tropical rain forests to sub-arctic vegetation to understand the adaptation to varying environments, with empirical, modeling and theoretical approaches.

Course in Animal Ecology

This course focuses on the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of animals, paying attention to animal behavior, population dynamics, biological interaction, and community organization. The educational and research activities also cover wild animal conservation and ecosystem management in aquatic and terrestrial environments.

Course in Marine Biogeochemistry and Physics

This course provides teaching of the characteristics for the biological production processes in the various marine environments and of the biological response and adaptation for the environmental changes. The educational and research activities cover wide areas of biogeochemical and physical oceanography in order to understand the relationship between marine environmental factors and biological production processes. The studying purpose in this course is to understand throughout ship-board researches, chemical and biological laboratory works and marine ecosystem modeling how the changes in marine chemical and physical environments influence the marine ecosystem.

Graduate School of Environmental Sceince / Faculty of Env. Earth Science, Hokkaido University